mask | پنام
mask | پنام
- اوستایی ← paitidan
- پهلوی ← patam، padam
- فارسی ← پَنام، پندام
(علومنظامى)روپوش، ماسك، زمين پوشيده از ديد و تير، مانع پوشاندن، مانع ديد شدن
(ورزشى)كلاه مخصوص شمشيربازى سر روباه شكار شده
(علوممهندسى)پوشيدن، پنهان كردن
(كامپيوتر)محل ذخيره سازى در كامپيوتر كه حاوى الگوى بيتها به صورت ماسك است، بيتى كه براى انتخاب بيت مورد نظر از كلمه يا رشته به كار مى رود، كلمه داده در كامپيوتر كه خط وط وقفهاى كه بايد فعال مى شوند را انتخاب مىكند، وسيله حافظه فقط خواندنى كه در حين سافت برنامه ريزى شده است با اعمال آهن در نواحى انتخاب شده كه به صورت ماسك مشخص شده اند، طرح مدار مجتمع كه براى معرفى الگويى كه بايد روى قطعه نيمه هادى قرار بگيرد به كار مى رود، الگوى ارقام دودويى براى انتخاب بيتهاى مختلف از كلمه دودويى (يك ”يك ” در ماسك جانشين آن بيت در كلمه مىشود)، پوشاندن فضاى (چيزى) با (چيزى)، يك كلمه ماشينى حاوى الگوئى از بيت ها بايت ها ياكاراكترها كه براى استخراج يا گزينش قسمت هايى ازكلمات ماشينى ديگر بكار برده مىشود، نقاب، الگو سامان، پوشش
- نقاب، رخپوش، رخگير، روبند، ماسك
the bank robbers were wearing masksسارقان بانك رخپوش (ماسك) زده بودند.
- هر چيزى كه پنهان كند يا ظاهر را عوض كند، پرده، پوشش، تظاهر
her friendship was no more than a maskدوستى او تظاهرى بيش نبود.he was more kind-hearted than his mask indicatedاو از آنچه ظاهرش نشان مىداد مهربانتر بود.
- رجوع شود به: edareuqsam
- نقاب پوش، آدم رخپوشدار
- مجسمهى صورت و گردن، سرتنديس
- (تئاتر يونان و روم) ماسك (كه هويت شخصيت را آشكار مىكرد و ضمنا صداى هنرپيشه را نيز تقويت مىكرد)، صورتك
- پوشش ايمنى چهره، چهره پوش، رخپوش
fencers’ maskچهرهپوش شمشيربازانgas maskماسك ضد گازsurgical maskچهرهپوش جراحىdiver’s maskچهرهپوش مخصوص شنا در زير آبa jet pilot’s oxygen maskرخپوش اكسيژنرسان خلبان جت
- (جانورشناسى) نوارهى رنگى صورت جانور (به ويژه در راستاى چشمان)
- (حشرهشناسى) سازوارهى نقاب مانند
- (ارتش - وسيلهى استتار توپخانه و عمليات جنگى و غيره) پنهانساز
- (عكاسى) نورگير، مات نما
- رجوع شود به: euqsam
- (نقابوار) پوشاندن، نهان كردن، بروز ندادن
he had masked his hatredاو تنفر خود را نهان كرده بود.trees masked the white houseدرختان، خانهى سفيد را پوشانده بودند.
- (صدا يا مزه يا بو و غيره را) نامحسوس كردن
vinegar masks undesirable flavorsسركه، مزههاى ناخوشايند را مىپوشاند.
- با نوار چسب پوشاندن، روكش كردن
the boxes were masked before shipment with tough paperپيش از ارسال، جعبهها با كاغذ محكم روكش شده بودند.
- (در مهمانىها و غيره) نقاب زدن، رخپوش زدن
three masked men robbed the bankسه مرد نقابدار بانك را زدند.they masksed themselves and went to the partyآنها رخپوش زدند و به مهمانى رفتند.
Webster’s New Third International Unabridged Dictionary
II. \ˈmask, -aa(ə)-, -ai-, -ȧ-\ noun
Etymology: Middle French masque, from Old Italian maschera, probably from (assumed) Old Italian masca witch (whence Italian dialect masca), from Medieval Latin masca, mascha witch, specter
(۱) : a cover or partial cover for the face usually made of cloth with openings for the eyes and used especially for disguise at a ball or masquerade
(۲) : a person wearing a mask : masker
(۱) : a figure of a head worn on the stage especially by ancient Greek and Roman actors to identify the character and project the voice
(۲) : a grotesque false face worn at carnivals or similar merrymakings
(۳) : a representation of a face worn in dances and rituals among primitive peoples especially for identification with supernatural powers or beings
the fox masks, the wolf masks; symbols of the greatest possible power — Marjory S. Douglas
c. : an often grotesque head or face, used as an adornment (as on a keystone, on a fountain, or on furniture)
d. : a sculptured face or face and neck or a copy of a face made by means of a mold (as in plaster or wax)
a death mask
(۱) : a quality, trait, appearance, or posture that serves to conceal or disguise (as one’s true or inner feelings or intentions) : pretense , cloak
friendship … is a mask — Joseph Chiari
an outward mask of unfeelingness — Anthony Quinton
a hideous mask which conceals man’s immorality — Encyc. Americana
assumed a mask of sullen stupidity — C.S.Forester
(۲) : a face suggestive of or resembling a mask in its immobility, expressionless character, or concealment of the inner personality or feelings
they watched our progress with passive masks — J.A.Michener
gray-blue eyes that belied the habitual fixity of his fine olive mask — F.J.Mather
his face was a mask that told nothing — W.S.Maugham
his swarthy features stiffened into a mask of foreboding — Walter O’Meara
(۳) : the side of a man’s personality that is presented to the world as distinguished from his inner self : a person’s public manner or outward bearing : pose
what goes on behind that mask and behind the veil of conventional manners — P.E.More
had recovered his mask, and was now polite, collected, watchful — W.H.Hudson †۱۹۲۲
finds him a man of many masks — E.A.Bloom
according to the doctrine of the mask, a man’s personality is the small portion of his inner self that he presents to the world’s view — W.G.O’Donnell
b. : something that conceals from view; specifically : a natural or artificial terrain feature which conceals a military force from view or protects it from fire
c. : a pharmaceutical masking agent
(۱) : a translucent or opaque screen or a border design to vignette or partly to cover the sensitive surface in taking a photograph or the negative in printing, or an opaque sheet with an aperture to insert in the optical path in a motion-picture mechanism so as to modify the size, shape, or appearance of the picture
(۲) : an auxiliary image used to modify a photographic image (as for the purpose of improving color reproduction)
e. : a translucent or opaque border surrounding a television tube receiver screen
۳٫ : a protective covering especially for the face: as
a. : a gauze or wire screen worn over the face in outdoor games and in fencing : a similar protective covering used in glassworks, foundries and other industrial enterprises presenting special hazards to workers
b. : gas mask
c. : a device usually covering the mouth and nose to facilitate or prevent the inhalation of a substance (as a gas, vapor, or spray)
an oxygen mask
d. : a covering often of gauzelike material for the mouth and nose to prevent droplets from being dispersed into the air
e. : a cosmetic preparation especially for the skin of the face that is applied moist, and produces a cleansing and tightening effect as it dries
f. : frisket 1
a. : the head or face of an animal (as a fox, dog, cat)
b. : the lower lip of the nymph of a dragonfly and damselfly modified so as to form a prehensile organ
III. \“\ verb
۱٫ : to take part in a masquerade : go about in a mask
went masking with a group of young friends — E.P.O’Donnell
a. : to assume a mask
b. : to disguise one’s true character or intentions
a. : to conceal from view (as with a screen or obstacle)
trees and shrubs mask the sandstone house — American Guide Series: Michigan
b. : to make indistinct or imperceptible
successive sounds blur and mask each other — Architectural Record
masks undesirable flavors — Collier’s Year Book
c. : to cover up (as a thing, fact, state, quality, or emotion) so as to mislead concerning its true nature
the lightness masked a terrible will — Edith Sitwell
a. : to cover for concealment or protection
masked before shipment with tough paper — Plexiglass Design & Fabrication Data
b. : to furnish with a protective mask (as a gas mask)
(۱) : to conceal (as the position of a battery) from the enemy’s sight
(۲) : to keep in check or on the defensive (as troops or a fortress) with part of one’s force while conducting hostile operations elsewhere
(۳) : to prevent the delivery of fire on (a particular objective) by the interposition of a mask
d. cookery : to cover completely (as with thick sauce or mayonnaise)
(۱) : to modify the size or shape of (as a photograph or an image to be photographed, printed, or projected) by means of an opaque border
(۲) : to modify densities of (a photographic image) selectively by means of an auxiliary image of the same subject for improving the accuracy of color reproduction
(۱) : to prevent (an atom or group of atoms) from showing its ordinary reactions : block 1g
to mask hydroxyl in a sugar by converting it into methoxyl
(۲) : to modify or reduce the effect or activity of (as a process, a reaction)
g. : flavor
mask a pharmaceutical preparation
h. : to raise the audibility threshold of (a sound) by the simultaneous presentation of another sound
Synonyms: see disguise
: a pattern of opaque material used to shield selected parts of a photosensitive surface during deposition or etching (as in producing an integrated circuit)
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Science and Technology
A pattern of characters used to control the retention or elimination of portions of another pattern of characters. Also known as extractor.
A frame used in front of a television picture tube to conceal the rounded edges of the screen.
A thin sheet of metal or other material containing an open pattern, used to shield selected portions of a semiconductor or other surface during a deposition process.
A protective covering for the face or head in the form of a wire screen, a metal shield, or a respirator.
۱٫ In color separation photography, an intermediate negative or positive that is used to correct color.
۲٫ In offset lithography, opaque material that protectively covers open or selected areas of a printing plate during the exposure process.
A protective device in thermal spraying against blasting or coating effects which are reflected from the substrate surface.
I. mask1 /mɑːsk $ mæsk/ noun [countable]
[Date: 1500-1600; Language: French; Origin: masque, from Old Italian maschera]
۱. something that covers all or part of your face, to protect or to hide it:
• a surgical face mask
• He was attacked and robbed by two people wearing masks.
• a Halloween mask
۳. [usually singular] an expression or way of behaving that hides your real emotions or character SYN front:
• Her sarcasm is a mask for her insecurity.
۴. a substance that you put on your face and leave there for a short time to clean the skin or make it softer SYN face pack:
• a facial mask
⇨ death mask, gas mask
II. mask2 verb [transitive]
۱. if a smell, taste, sound etc is masked by a stronger one, it cannot be noticed because of the stronger one:
• Liz turned on a radio to mask the noise.
• Air-fresheners mask bad smells instead of removing them.
۲. to hide your feelings or the truth about a situation:
• Men often mask their true feelings with humour.
۳. to cover or hide something so that it cannot be clearly seen:
• The new accommodation block has all but masked the original building.
• • •
▪ hide to make something difficult to see or find, or to not show your true feelings: • He hid the gun in his pocket. | • She tried to hide her anger. | • The actress put up a hand to hide her face from the cameras.
▪ conceal formal to hide something, especially by carefully putting it somewhere. Also used when talking about hiding your feelings, especially in negative sentences: • Several kilos of drugs were concealed in the back of the truck. | • He could not conceal his feelings any longer. | • The girl quickly concealed the photograph she had been gazing at.
▪ cover up to put something over another thing that you do not want people to see, in order to hide it completely: • People cover up cracks with wallpaper or tiles. | • I used some make-up to cover up the spots. | • She was wearing a thin shawl to cover up the bruises on her arm.
▪ disguise to make someone or something seem like a different person or thing, so that other people cannot recognize them: • She managed to get into the camp by disguising herself as a soldier. | • The men had disguised the vessel as fishing boat.
▪ camouflage to hide something by covering it with materials that make it look like the things around it: • We camouflaged the plane by covering it with leaves. | • The troops used charcoal to camouflage their faces. | • Soldiers had camouflaged the trucks with branches and dirt.
▪ obscure literary to make it difficult to see something clearly: • The view was obscured by mist. | • His body was found, partially obscured by bushes, at the bottom of a shallow canyon.
▪ mask to make something less noticeable, for example a taste, a smell, a sound, or a feeling: • The lemon helps to mask the taste of the fish. | • Helen had turned on the radio to mask the noise of the traffic. | • He did little to mask his contempt.