restore – پِیور


restore – پیور

پِیوَر | peyvar | پِیوردَن| peyvardan

پس‌ دادن‌، بحال‌ اول‌ برگرداندن‌، تعمير كردن‌، اعاده‌ دادن‌، اعاده‌ كردن‌، ترميم‌ كردن‌، باز دادن‌
(كامپيوتر)برگرداندن‌ به‌ وضعيت‌ جديد، فرمان‌ ‏E‏R‏O‏T‏S‏E‏R

  • (چيز گرفته‌ شده‌ را) باز گرداندن‌، پس‌ دادن‌، پسداد كردن‌، مسترد كردن‌، اعاده‌ كردن‌
  • در جاى خود قرار دادن‌، در محل‌ اوليه‌ى خود گذاشتن‌، دوباره‌ گذاشتن‌
  • دوباره‌ سالم‌ كردن‌، (به‌ تندرستى‌) برگرداندن‌، درمان‌ كردن‌
  • (به‌ وضع‌ اوليه‌ى خود) بازگرداندن‌، مرمت‌ كردن‌، تعمير كردن‌، ترميم‌ كردن‌
  • (فيزيك‌ -‏ جسم‌ ارتجاعى‌) به‌ شكل‌ اوليه‌ى خود برگشتن‌، پس‌ جهش‌ كردن‌
  • دوباره‌ رواج‌ دادن‌، از نو باب‌ كردن‌


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peyvar = pey + var

Avestan → paitibar = paiti + bar → “to restore, bring back”

Old Persian → patibar = pati + bar → “to bring back”


  • اوستایی: paiti ← پیشوند ایست به معنای پشت، پس، باز، دوباره، در برابر، در روبرو | back، again، against
  • پارسی باستان: pati
  • پهلوی | فارسی میانه: pat/pad
  • پازند: pat/pad ← دوباره، پی در پی، عقب، به، بر


  • پارسی باستان: ābar  انجام دادن، to perform
  • اوستایی: ābar  انجام دادن، بردن به، to carry with،to bring to
  • پهلوی: āpurtan/āwar آوردن، بردن، دزدیدن، غارت کردن,  to bring
  • سغدی: ābr بردن, to carry
  • فارسی: āvordan/ār آوردن
  • کردی:  Sina hāwirdin/er-, Awrom. āwirdáy/ār-
  • گورانی کندوله:  āwúrd-, āwird-/ār
  • ابیانه ای: ārdan
  • بختیاری: avērdan
  • گیلکی: āvärdœn/ævär
  • همدانی: artän/ar
  • اسفهانی: arän/ar
  • خونساری: ār-/ārt
  • محلاتی: ār
  • نتنزی:  -ård-/-år-
  • مونجی:  āver-/āver

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Chambers Dictionary of Science and Technology


restore (ICT) The return of a variable address or word or
cycle index to its initial value.

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  1. restore something (to somebody) to bring back a situation or feeling that existed before
  • The measures are intended to restore public confidence in the economy.
  • Order was quickly restored after the riots.
  • Such kindness restores your faith in human nature (= makes you believe most people are kind).
  • The operation restored his sight (= made him able to see again).
  1. restore somebody/something to something to bring somebody/something back to a former condition, place or position
  • He is now fully restored to health.
  • We hope to restore the garden to its former glory (= make it as beautiful as it used to be).
  • This cream claims to restore your skin to its youthful condition.
  1. restore something to repair a building, work of art, piece of furniture, etc. so that it looks as good as it did originally
  • Her job is restoring old paintings.
  • The house has been lovingly restored to the way it looked in 1900 when it was built.
  1. restore something to bring a law, tradition, way of working, etc. back into use
  • to restore ancient traditions
  • Some people argue that the death penalty should be restored.
  1. restore something (to somebody/something) (formal) to give something that was lost or stolen back to somebody
  • The police have now restored the painting to its rightful owner.

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Microsoft Computer Dictionary


n. (1) The act of restoring a file or files. See also backup, recovery.

vb. (2) To copy files from a backup storage device to their normal location, especially if the files are being copied to replace files that were accidentally lost or deleted.

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The word “restore” means to return something to its former condition. Therefore, when you restore a computer or other electronic device, you return it to a previous state. This may be a previous system backup or the original factory settings.

Restoring a computer, often called a “system restore,” is often done as a last resort to fix a problematic machine. For example, if a virus has infected a large number of system files, a system restore may be the only way to get the computer to run smoothly again. If a hard drive has become corrupted and cannot be repaired using a disk utility, it may be necessary to reformat the hard drive and restore the computer from the original operating system installation discs. System restores may also be performed to wipe all data from a computer before selling it or transferring it to another owner.

Since restoring a computer returns it to a previous state, the process also erases any new data that has been added since the previous state. Therefore, you should always back up your data before restoring a computer. The backup should be saved to an external hard drive or another disk other than the one being restored. Once you have restored the computer, you may transfer your files from the backup device back to the computer.

While the term “restore” is often associated with computers, other devices can be restored as well. For example, if a smartphone is repeatedly malfunctioning, it can often be fixed by restoring the system software. Most video game consoles can also be restored by running the restore operation within the system settings. Both iPods and iPhones can be restored using Apple’s iTunes software. No matter what device you choose to restore, remember that the process will erase data saved on the device. Therefore, the first step in restoring a computer or any other device should be to back up your personal data.

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restore (v.)

c. 1300, “to give back,” also, “to build up again, repair,” from Old French restorer, from Latin restaurare “repair, rebuild, renew,” from re- “back, again” (see re-) + -staurare, as in instaurare “to set up, establish; renew, restore,” from PIE *stau-ro-, from root *sta- “to stand, make or be firm.” Related: Restoredrestoring.


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