traditional – پرمانتال


    traditional – پرمانتال

    پرمانتال | parmāntāl

    مبنى‌ بر حديث‌ يا خبر باستانى‌، اجدادى‌

    • سنتى‌، عرفى‌، ترادادى، ديرمانى‌، گذشته‌مانى‌، فرادهشى‌
    • قراردادى (e‏v‏i‏t‏i‏d‏a‏r‏t‏ و y‏r‏a‏n‏o‏i‏t‏i‏d‏a‏r‏t‏ هم‌ مى‌گفتند)



    parmāntāl = par + mānt + āl 🡒 from Mid.Pers 🡒 aparmānd 🡒 “inheritance, tradition”;

    پَرمانتال = پَر + مانت + ال ← از فارسی میانه ← اپَرماند ← “میراث، ارث، آنچه از نیاکان بر جای مانده، سنت”;


    • پارسی باستان: upariy 🡐 بالا
    • اوستایی: upairi 🡐 بالا، بر، روی
    • پهلوی: apar 🡐 بالا، بر، روی
    • پازند: awar/apartar/apartum
    • فارسی: abar/bar
    • هندی باستان: upári
    • کردی: ber
    • پشتو: prē
    • آسی دیگورون: uol
    • آسی تاگوری: ol 🡐 بالایی
    • بلوچی: par
    • بلوچی شمالی: gvar
    • وخی | سریکلی: war


    • ایرانی باستان: mān-ta*
    • اوستایی: mān 🡐 ماندن‌، اقامت‌ كردن‌، مانده‌ اثر باقيمانده‌ |  to remain, dwell
    • پهلوی: mān 🡐 ماندن‌، اقامت‌ كردن‌، مانده‌ اثر باقيمانده‌ |  to stay, remain
    • سکایی ختنی: mañ 🡐 ماندن |  to remain
    • سغدی: myn 🡐 ماندن‌، اقامت‌ كردن‌، مانده‌ اثر باقيمانده‌، بودن | to stay, remain, dwell, be
    • خوارزمیmny 🡐 زندگی کردن، ساکن بودن |  to remain, dwell
    • فارسی نوmāndan/mān 🡐 ماندن،صبر کردن، برجای ماندن، ساکن بودن |  to remain, await; to stay, dwell
    • کردیmān/māyīn/mīn
    • کردی سورانیmnā/mēn 🡐 ماندن، ساکن بودن |  to remain, dwell
    • گورانیmän-/-mān-
    • زازاکیmendiš/mānen
    • اَورومانیmanáy/man
    • فریزندی: mundä, -mand-/ و -mand-
    • گزی:  mūnā-/mū̆n
    • گیلکیmānœstœn/man
    • همدانیmondän/mon-
    • اسفهانیmundän/ve-mun-
    • جوشقانیba-mɛnd-/a-mun-
    • خوانساریmūn-/mūnd
    • نتنزی-můnd
    • قهرودیbá-münd
    • سمنانیmund
    • سیوندیmān-/mānd
    • شغنانیmēn-/mēnt
    • روشنیmēn-/mēnt
    • یغنابیmon-, moñ-/móntamun-/múnta

      فارسی: āl- پسوند صفت ساز



    BrE /trəˈdɪʃənl/ ; NAmE /trəˈdɪʃənl/

    1. being part of the beliefs, customs or way of life of a particular group of people, that have not changed for a long time
    • traditional dress
    • It’s traditional in America to eat turkey on Thanksgiving Day.
    • traditional values
    1. (sometimes disapproving)following older methods and ideas rather than modern or different ones
    • traditional methods of teaching
    • Their marriage is very traditional.



    tra·di·tion·al | \ trə-ˈdish-nəl  , -ˈdi-shə-nᵊl\

    Definition of traditional

    1. of or relating to tradition : consisting of or derived from traditiona traditional celebration
    2. handed down from age to agetraditional historytraditional songs/stories
    3. following or conforming to tradition : adhering to past practices or established conventionstraditional moralitytraditional values/beliefsemploying traditional methods of cooking


    traditional UK  [trəˈdɪʃ(ə)nəl] US  [trəˈdɪʃən(ə)l] adjective usually before noun ★★★

    1. relating to or based on very old customs, beliefs, or stories
    • All the dancers and musicians wore traditional costumes.
    • traditional Mediterranean cooking
    1. typical of the things that people have usually done
    • Many women have abandoned their traditional role as wife and mother.
    • Our house was built in a traditional style.
    • The new curriculum includes subjects that are less traditional.

    ۲a.  a traditional activity is one that people often do


    tra‧di‧tion‧al S3 W1 AC /trəˈdɪʃənəl/ BrE  AmE  adjective

    [Word Family: noun: ↑tradition, ↑traditionalist, ↑traditionalism; adjective: ↑traditional, ↑traditionalist; adverb: ↑traditionally]

    1. being part of the traditions of a country or group of people:
    • traditional Italian cooking
    • a traditional Irish folk song
    • a traditional method of brewing beer
    • it is traditional (for somebody) to do something
    • It is traditional not to eat meat on Good Friday.
    1. following ideas and methods that have existed for a long time, rather than doing anything new or different SYN conventional:
    • He has a traditional view of women.
    • I went to a very traditional school.
    • traditional family values
    • a traditional way of life

    —traditionally adverb:

     More women are entering traditionally male jobs.

     The color black is traditionally associated with mourning.

    traditional (adj.)

    ۱۵۹۰s, “observing traditions;” c. 1600, “handed down as tradition,” from tradition + -al (۱). In reference to jazz, from 1950. Related: Traditionallytraditionalist.


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